Permaculture ethics are :
- Caring for the earth.
- Caring for the community.
- Caring for the future.
These ethics will be explained as follows :
1. Caring for the Earth
Caring for the earth means caring for natural resources. Every act that damages, pollutes and destroys the environment and nature of Indonesia is tantamount to harming the Indonesian people as well.
This environment needs to be protected and improved, this environment is the key to future.
Natural resources include:
• Flora: forest and plants.
• Fauna: wild animals, birds and so on.
• Water sources: lakes, rivers, springs, and others.
• Sea: beaches, coral reefs, marine life and so on.
• Land: agricultural land, including forest land and livestock.
If the land is cultivated continuously and is slowly developing, productivity will also increase.
This will provide:
• Long-term productivity for farmers and their children.
• Protection and health for the surrounding environment.
• Protection and health for land tenants.
2. Caring for the Community
Caring for the community means preparing a healthy and safe future for everyone. Permaculture is about increasing our opportunities, our environment, food, health and well-being. Exchanging knowledge and assets, will help us to:
• Increase production, diversity and product quality, to food storage and preservation. • Improve health and nutrition, including utilizing effective natural medicines.
• Improve health and hygiene in the house, especially for kitchens, water, toilets, and garbage disposal.
• Create equal rights and opportunities for each individual; men, women and children.
• Increase income and employment.
• Reducing daily work, such as: transportation of water, firewood, and others.
• Educate young people about traditions, beliefs and science, and combine them with new techniques, which support traditional culture.
3. Care for the Future
What we do now will have an impact on the future. Caring for the future means always considering and planning for the future, not just for 10 years, 20, 50, up to 100 years into the future! For our children and grandchildren and their children and grandchildren, it depends on us to get the best place to live.
This ethic must be applied by all levels, from the government, community groups, families, to individuals.
This can be done by:
• Preservation, distribution and marketing of existing resources.
• Cooperate, not compete.
• Support the local economy by using local resources wherever possible.
• Protect Indonesia's nature by using renewable resources.
• Reducing waste, by reusing and recycling waste.
• Reducing the use of unsustainable goods.
• Use renewable energy sources, such as solar energy, hydropower, biogas, and wind power.
• Control population growth.
Next, the permaculture principles